Document Detail


Migration of eight harmful elements from metal accessories that infants may swallow by mistake.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22864356     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The International Standard ISO 8124-3:2010 "Safety of toys-Part 3: Migration of certain elements" controls the levels of migrated eight harmful elements (antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury and selenium) from infants toys. Moreover, the Japanese Food Sanitation Law controls the levels of migrated lead from metal accessory toys. However, the levels of migrated harmful elements from metal accessories that are not infants toys are not controlled, since they are not covered by the ISO Standard or the Food Sanitation Law. Therefore, we investigated the level of eight harmful elements migrated from metal accessories that infants may swallow by mistake. The extraction test of ISO 8124-3:2010 was executed in 117 products (total 184 specimens), and the concentration of these eight elements was measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS). As a result, 28 and one products released lead and cadmium beyond the maximum acceptable levels of the ISO standard, respectively. Metal accessories that infants may swallow by mistake should ideally not release harmful elements such as lead and cadmium.
Authors:
Kazuo Isama; Tsuyoshi Kawakami; Tetsuji Nishimura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Yakugaku zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan     Volume:  132     ISSN:  1347-5231     ISO Abbreviation:  Yakugaku Zasshi     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0413613     Medline TA:  Yakugaku Zasshi     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  959-68     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Environmental Chemistry, National Institute of Health Sciences.
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