Document Detail

Migration of 2-butoxyethyl acetate from polycarbonate infant feeding bottles.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14726282     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
An enforcement campaign was carried out to assess the migration of 2-butoxyethyl acetate (2-BEA) from polycarbonate infant feeding bottles intended for repeated use. Migration was measured by three successive migration tests into two of the European Union official food simulants: distilled water and 3% acetic acid testing at 40 degrees C for 10 days. The Danish Veterinary and Food Administration (DVFA) has assessed that a migration above 0.33 mg for 2-BEA and a group of eight related substances kg(-1) foodstuff from plastics articles used exclusively for infants is unacceptable. Migration of 2-BEA was found from eight of 12 bottles. However, migration above the target value of 0.33 mg kg(-1) was not observed in the third decisive test from any of the 12 different brands of polycarbonate feeding bottles. A migration of between 0.05 and 0.26 mg kg(-1) from seven of 12 bottles was measured to 3% acetic acid in the third test, whereas no migration to distilled water was observed in the third test. The average recovery of 2-BEA after the 10-day exposure at the target value of 0.33 mg kg(-1) was 77% into distilled water and 36% into 3% acetic acid. The limited recovery was understandable as 2-BEA was partly hydrolysed in the aqueous food simulants and 2-butoxyethanol, a hydrolysis product and one of the related substances was identified. Quantification was carried out using gas chromatography after liquid/liquid extraction of the food simulant.
J H Petersen; K H Lund
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food additives and contaminants     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0265-203X     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Addit Contam     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-01-16     Completed Date:  2004-03-05     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8500474     Medline TA:  Food Addit Contam     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1178-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Søborg, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Acetates / chemistry*
Bottle Feeding
Cooking and Eating Utensils*
Food Contamination / analysis*
Infant Equipment*
Infant Food / analysis
Polycarboxylate Cement / chemistry*
Quality Assurance, Health Care
Reg. No./Substance:
0/2-butoxyethyl acetate; 0/Acetates; 0/Polycarboxylate Cement; 25766-59-0/polycarbonate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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