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Mid-pregnancy maternal leptin levels, birthweight for gestational age and preterm delivery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22934578     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Maternal blood leptin levels are positively associated with adiposity. Recent studies suggest that leptin is also abundantly produced by the placenta and may function as a regulator of fetal growth. Our goal was to examine mid-pregnancy levels of leptin in maternal blood in relation to birthweight for gestational age (BW/GA) and timing of delivery after accounting for maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (prepreg-BMI) and pregnancy complications. PATIENTS: Data were from 1,304 sub-cohort mother/infant pairs who participated in the Pregnancy Outcomes and Community Health (POUCH) Study (1998-2004) MEASUREMENTS: Leptin levels, measured at 16-27 weeks' gestation, were log-transformed. Geometric mean (GMean) leptin levels were estimated by weighted linear regression with gestational age at blood draw as a covariate. GMean was re-transformed to the original scale for reporting. RESULTS: Using the GMeans leptin in mothers of term appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) neonates as the referent (25.2 μg/L), we observed lower levels in mothers of preterm AGA (21.9 μg/L), term small-for-gestational age (SGA) (20.3 μg/L), and preterm SGA neonates (21.7 μg/L). Results were largely unchanged after adjustment for prepreg-BMI. Leptin levels were higher in mothers who delivered large-for-gestational age (LGA) neonates, both preterm (33.6 μg/L) and term (29.1 μg/L), but the GMeans were markedly attenuated after adjustment for prepreg-BMI. CONCLUSION: The association between BW/GA and maternal leptin levels after adjustment for prepreg- BMI may represent: 1) a residual effect of maternal adiposity that is not fully captured by BMI; and/or 2) variation in placental leptin levels entering the maternal circulation. In conclusion, mid-pregnancy maternal blood leptin levels may be an early indicator of fetal growth status. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Authors:
M R Shroff; C Holzman; Y Tian; R W Evans; A Sikorskii
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical endocrinology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2265     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf)     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0346653     Medline TA:  Clin Endocrinol (Oxf)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Michigan Public Health Institute, Okemos, MI, 48864.
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