Document Detail

Mid- and Long-Term Results of the Treatment of Infrainguinal Arterial Occlusive Disease With Precuffed Expanded Polytetrafluoroethylene Grafts Compared With Vein Grafts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22998787     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Prosthetic grafts for lower-extremity bypass have limited patency compared with autologous vein grafts. Precuffed expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) grafts alter the geometry of the distal hood to improve patency. This study reports the authors' long-term results on the use of precuffed ePTFE grafts for infrainguinal bypasses in patients with arterial occlusive disease and compares these with results of reversed great saphenous vein grafts (rSVG). METHODS: A retrospective review of billing codes identified 101 polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and 47 rSVG bypasses performed over a 6-year period. Femoral to below-knee popliteal and femoral to tibial bypasses were analyzed. Data collected consisted of risk factors, Rutherford classification, bypass inflow and outflow, runoff vessels, patency, amputation, and death. Primary end points consisted of primary, assisted-primary, and secondary patency along with limb salvage. RESULTS: Mean age of the patients was 76 years in the PTFE group and 69.8 years in the rSVG group. For femoral to below-knee popliteal bypasses, primary patency at 1, 3, and 5 years in the PTFE group was 76.9%, 48.7%, and 43.3%, respectively, compared with 77.1%, 77.1%, and 77.1%, respectively, in the rSVG group (P = 0.225). Secondary patency was 89.2%, 70.9%, and 50.6% in the PTFE group compared with 84.4%, 84.4%, and 84.4% in the rSVG group (P = 0.269). Limb salvage was similar in the PTFE compared with the rSVG group (97.7%, 90.5%, and 79.4% vs. 83.3%, 83.3%, and 83.3%; P = 0.653). For femoral to tibial bypasses, primary patency in the PTFE group at 1, 3, and 5 years was 57.1%, 40.4%, and 22.1%, respectively, compared with 67.4%, 67.4%, and 50.6%, respectively, for the rSVG group (P = 0.246). Secondary patency was 75.5%, 44.9%, and 22.7% in the PTFE group compared with 91.8%, 91.8%, and 52.5% in the rSVG group (P = 0.022). Limb salvage at 1, 3, and 5 years was 79.2%, 55.7%, and 55.7%, respectively, in the PTFE group compared with 96.4%, 96.4%, and 64.3%, respectively, in the rSVG group (P = 0.046). CONCLUSIONS: Precuffed ePTFE grafts demonstrate similar 1-year patency to that of rSVG. However, mid- and long-term patency is reduced compared with saphenous vein grafts (SVG), especially to tibial targets. PTFE grafts to the popliteal demonstrate limb salvage rates similar to those of SVG. In the tibial vessels, limb salvage rates for PTFE grafts are significantly worse compared with SVG.
Shang A Loh; Brittny S Howell; Caron B Rockman; Neal S Cayne; Mark A Adelman; Iosif Gulkarov; Frank J Veith; Thomas S Maldonado
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of vascular surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1615-5947     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Vasc Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703941     Medline TA:  Ann Vasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Annals of Vascular Surgery Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY.
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