Document Detail

Microswitch clusters to enhance adaptive responses and head control: a programme extension for three children with multiple disabilities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16019874     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: We assessed the possibility of extending adaptive responding and head control in three children with multiple disabilities through the use of microswitch clusters. METHOD: The children had previously learned to perform an adaptive hand response and to control head position during that response. They were now taught one or two new adaptive responses (foot lifting, leg touching, or vocalization) and to combine such responses with appropriate head position. Microswitch clusters served to ensure that an adaptive response was followed by positive stimulation only if it was combined with appropriate head position. RESULTS: The results were positive with the children learning the new adaptive responses and combining them with appropriate head position. This performance was maintained during two- or three-month post-intervention checks. During these checks, the children were also successful in using the old adaptive hand response with appropriate head position. CONCLUSIONS: The use of microswitch clusters was effective to extend the level of adaptive responding and enhance appropriate head position during this responding. This outcome, which indicates a successful technical replication and procedural extension of previous work in the area, has positive practical implications for educational and occupational programmes for children with multiple disabilities.
G E Lancioni; M F O'Reilly; N N Singh; D Oliva; L Scalini; C M Vigo; J Groeneweg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Disability and rehabilitation     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0963-8288     ISO Abbreviation:  Disabil Rehabil     Publication Date:  2005 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-07-15     Completed Date:  2005-11-01     Revised Date:  2010-03-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9207179     Medline TA:  Disabil Rehabil     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  637-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Bari, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Communication Aids for Disabled*
Disabled Children / rehabilitation*
Self-Help Devices*

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