Document Detail

Microsurgical anatomy of the short central artery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9583581     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We studied the origin, length, external diameter, disposition, branching patterns and the perforators of short central artery in the circle of Willis in eighty fresh, unfixed cerebral hemispheres (40 brains). We also examined the relationship of the short central artery, the recurrent artery of Heubner, and M1 perforators to the anterior perforated substance, caudate and putamen. The short central artery arises at 5.2 +/- 3.36 mm from the origin of the anterior cerebral artery, hidden and overlapped by the internal carotid artery bifurcation. The recurrent artery of Heubner arises distally to the origin of the short central artery. Four main anatomical variations were found: 1. Presence of short central artery and recurrent artery of Heubner (37.5%). 2. Isolated presence of the short central artery (27.5%). 3. Isolated presence of the recurrent artery of Heubner (21.25%). 4. Absence of short central artery and recurrent artery of Heubner (13.75%). Two different branching patterns were observed: 1. 2-4 straight perforators from the short central artery, perforators from the recurrent artery of Heubner and lenticulostriate from the most medial portion of the M1, in 42 of 80 hemispheres (52.5%). 2. 8-10 perforators from only short central artery in 10 of 80 hemispheres (12.5%) with absent or hypoplastic recurrent artery of Heubner and lenticulostriates from M1 and M2.
M Vasquez-Loayza; M Dujovny; C Agner; M Misra
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurological research     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0161-6412     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurol. Res.     Publication Date:  1998 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-06-15     Completed Date:  1998-06-15     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905298     Medline TA:  Neurol Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  209-17     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60612-7329, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cerebral Cortex / blood supply*
Cerebrovascular Circulation*
Circle of Willis / anatomy & histology*,  surgery*

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