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Microsatellite Variability of Sardinian Pine Martens, Martes martes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21800998     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The pine marten, Martes martes, is a medium-sized terrestrial carnivore associated with woodland habitats of the western Palearctic region. The present distribution area of the species also includes six islands of the western Mediterranean basin. The origin of these insular populations and their taxonomic status are still debated; their molecular characterization appears relevant for conservation purposes. To describe the genetic variability of the pine martens from Sardinia we characterized 40 insular and 14 Italian individuals at seven nuclear microsatellite loci. The identification of private alleles and the calculated F(ST) value of 0.074 revealed some genetic differentiation between the two populations, which accounts for the high percentages of correct allocation (96.39-98.80%) scored by the genotype assignment test. The presence of two distinct clusters corresponding to Sardinia and mainland Italy was further confirmed by the multivariate Factorial Correspondence Analysis of individual genotypes. Moreover, the genome of the Sardinian individuals bore signs of past demographic fluctuations, i.e. the presence of the monomorphic locus Ma-4, a lower allelic richness and a lower number of private alleles, which may derive from the combination of drift, founder effects, and human overexploitation. Anyway, if such events ever affected the Sardinian population, this is likely to have happened in the past since, according to our microsatellite data, the present-day population does not show evidence of recent bottlenecks or inbreeding, the Wilcoxon sign-rank test and the F(IS) index being not statistically significant (both P > 0.05). Based on this genetic evidence, we advance hypotheses about the distinctiveness of the Sardinian population and its significance for taxonomy and conservation.
Authors:
Licia Colli; Rita Cannas; Anna M Deiana; James Tagliavini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Zoological science     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0289-0003     ISO Abbreviation:  Zool. Sci.     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8702287     Medline TA:  Zoolog Sci     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  580-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
1 Istituto di Zootecnica, Facoltà di Agraria, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore di Piacenza, via Emilia Parmense 84, 1-29122 Piacenza (PC), Italy.
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