Document Detail

Microperimetric Correlations of Autofluorescence and Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging in Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22321805     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: To investigate the microperimetric correlations of autofluorescence imaging and optical coherence tomography (OCT) in dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD). DESIGN: Retrospective, observational, cross-sectional study. METHODS: Consecutive patients with dry AMD underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, including best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), blue fundus autofluorescence (FAF), near-infrared autofluorescence, and spectral-domain (SD)-OCT with integrated microperimetry. RESULTS: A total of 58 eyes of 29 patients (21 women; mean age 73 ± 9 years) were included. Mean BCVA was 0.28 ± 0.3 logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution (logMAR). Overall, 2842 points were analyzed as regards FAF and near-infrared autofluorescence patterns, the status of inner segment/outer segment (IS/OS) interface, and retinal sensitivity. We observed a good correlation between the FAF and near-infrared autofluorescence patterns for all the points graded (increased FAF/near-infrared autofluorescence, Pearson rho = 0.6, P = .02; decreased FAF/near-infrared autofluorescence, Pearson rho = 0.7, P = .01; normal FAF/near-infrared autofluorescence, Pearson rho = 0.7, P = .01). Mean retinal sensitivity was significantly reduced in cases of decreased FAF (4.73 ± 2.23 dB) or increased FAF (4.75 ± 2.39 dB) compared with normal FAF (7.44 ± 2.34 dB) (P = .001). Mean retinal sensitivity was significantly reduced in case of decreased near-infrared autofluorescence (3.87 ± 2.28 dB), compared with increased near-infrared autofluorescence (5.76 ± 2.44 dB) (P = .02); mean retinal sensitivity in case of increased near-infrared autofluorescence was significantly reduced compared with normal near-infrared autofluorescence (7.15 ± 2.38 dB) (P = .002). On SD-OCT, there was a high inverse correlation between retinal sensitivity and rate of disruptions in IS/OS interface (Pearson rho = -0.72, P = .001). CONCLUSION: A reduced retinal sensitivity consistently correlates with decreased FAF/near-infrared autofluorescence and a disrupted IS/OS interface. Increased near-infrared autofluorescence may represent a useful method for detection of retinal abnormalities early in dry AMD development.
Lea Querques; Giuseppe Querques; Raimondo Forte; Eric H Souied
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of ophthalmology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1891     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370500     Medline TA:  Am J Ophthalmol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Ophthalmology, University Paris Est Creteil, Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal de Creteil, Creteil, France; Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital San Raffaele, University Vita Salute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy.
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