Document Detail

Micronutrient fortification: WFP experiences and ways forward.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16572721     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Micronutrient deficiencies represent a largely invisible, but often devastating, form of malnutrition that is particularly prevalent among WFP's beneficiary populations already lacking sufficient food. Known effects of micronutrient deficiencies include impaired physical and mental growth among children, iron-deficiency anemia, maternal mortality, low adult labor productivity and blindness. WFP makes important, often pioneering contributions to overcoming such deficiencies through: Careful attention to micronutrients in needs assessment and ration planning, Delivering fortified foods, particularly to nutritionally-vulnerable groups, on an increasingly large scale, Promotion and use of locally-produced and fortified commodities in more than a dozen low income, food deficit countries, Advocacy for fortification at national and international policy levels. Important activities in local processing and fortification have recently taken place in countries like Zambia, Angola, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and in the context of the regional southern Africa drought emergency. Each case demonstrates that where micronutrient deficiencies are an operational concern local fortification is possible, albeit challenging. Several ongoing assessments of the impact of such initiatives suggest important nutritional benefits. That said, challenges remain in terms of technical and managerial capacity constraints, the need for systematic compliance with procurement specifications and quality control, clearer policies on micronutrient content labeling, and the need for cash resources to support many aspects associated with local processing and fortification activities.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Guideline; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and nutrition bulletin     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0379-5721     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Nutr Bull     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-31     Completed Date:  2006-07-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906418     Medline TA:  Food Nutr Bull     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  67-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Developing Countries
Food Supply
Food, Fortified*
Health Promotion
International Cooperation
Malnutrition / prevention & control*
Micronutrients / administration & dosage*,  deficiency*
Nutrition Policy
Program Development
Public Health
Risk Assessment
United Nations / organization & administration*
Reg. No./Substance:

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