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Microfracture for knee chondral defects: a survey of surgical practice among Canadian orthopedic surgeons.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22362098     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the practice of microfracture surgery for knee chondral defects among Canadian orthopedic surgeons. METHODS: All orthopedic surgeon members of the Canadian Orthopaedic Association were invited to participate in a survey, designed to explore the microfracture technique used by orthopedic surgeons in the treatment for knee chondral defects The primary outcome measure was an emailed 26-item questionnaire, which explored indications for microfracture surgery, surgical techniques, types of postoperative rehabilitation regimes used and assessment of outcome. In addition, responses were compared between orthopedic surgeons with a sports medicine practice to surgeons with a non-sports medicine practice. RESULTS: The survey response rate was 24.6% (299/1,216), with 131 regularly performing microfracture. 41% of surgeons indicated that they had no upper limit for age at the time of surgery, and 87% indicated no upper limit for body mass index. The majority of respondents (97%) resected cartilage back to a stable margin, while 69% of respondents removed the calcified cartilage layer prior to creating holes. Only 11% of respondents used continuous passive motion (CPM) postoperatively, and 39% did not restrict weight bearing. Sports surgeons were more likely than non-sports surgeons to remove the calcified cartilage layer, use a 45° pick, use CPM and restrict weight bearing postoperatively (all P values < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This survey on microfracture for knee chondral defects revealed widespread variation among surgeons regarding the indications for surgery, surgical technique, postoperative rehabilitation and assessment of outcome. Sports surgeons demonstrate better evidence-based practice than non-sports surgeons for a few important parameters. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Cross-sectional survey, Level II.
John Theodoropoulos; Tim Dwyer; Daniel Whelan; Paul Marks; Mark Hurtig; Pankaj Sharma
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-7347     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9314730     Medline TA:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
University of Toronto Orthopedic Sports Medicine at Women's College Hospital, Mount Sinai Hospital, 476C-600 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, M5G1X5, Canada,
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