Document Detail


Microencapsulated UCB cells repair hepatic injure by intraperitoneal transplantation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19929467     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AIMS: Umbilical cord blood (UCB) cells are an attractive choice in cytotherapy and represent an alternative to hepatocytes. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using the technique of micro-encapsulation to study the differentiation and function of UCB cells in an injured liver model and the potential of encapsulated UCB cells for use in the reversal of hepatic injury. METHODS: UCB cells were isolated from fresh human UCB, encapsulated using the alginate-poly-lysine-alginate method and transplanted intraperitoneally into liver-injured mice induced by CCl4. Encapsulated UCB cell growth, viability and differentiation in vivo were detected. For evaluating the recovery of injured liver tissues, serum aminotransferases and liver histology were assessed. RESULTS: Encapsulated UCB cells showed better growth behavior after being implanted. Under conditions favoring differentiation in vivo, the expression of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and albumin (ALB) and urea synthesis were detected in a time-dependent manner. Serum amino-transferases were decreased after transplantation of encapsulated UCB cells into injured mice, and damage to the histologic structure of the liver was reduced. CONCLUSIONS: The cell microencapsulation system provides a novel approach for learning more about the differentiation and function of UCB cells in vivo. Transplantation of encapsulated UCB cells can enhance recovery of CCl4-injured mouse liver. These observations suggest potential as an alternative to hepatocyte transplantation for cellular therapy of liver failure.
Authors:
Shuangyue Li; Zhijie Sun; Guojun Lv; Xin Guo; Ying Zhang; Weiting Yu; Wei Wang; Xiaojun Ma
Related Documents :
2838327 - Periportal and perivenous hepatocytes respond equally to glycogenolytic agonists.
18482267 - Origin of stellate cells from submesothelial cells in a developing human liver.
19915937 - Cytochrome p450 expression profile of the picm-19h pig liver cell line: potential appli...
9473507 - Prevention of hypoxic liver cell necrosis by in vivo human bcl-2 gene transfection.
8135827 - Induction of apoptotic cell death in differentiating neuroblastoma sh-sy5y cells by col...
18601077 - Rheological characteristics of cell suspension and cell culture of perilla frutescens.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cytotherapy     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1477-2566     ISO Abbreviation:  Cytotherapy     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-25     Completed Date:  2010-01-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100895309     Medline TA:  Cytotherapy     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1032-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Biomedical Material Engineering, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian, China.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alanine Transaminase / blood
Animals
Aspartate Aminotransferases / blood
Biological Markers
Cell Differentiation
Cell Proliferation
Cell Survival
Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation*
Drug Compounding
Fetal Blood / cytology*,  transplantation*
Humans
Injections, Intraperitoneal
Liver / enzymology,  injuries*,  pathology*,  secretion
Liver Failure, Acute / blood,  chemically induced,  pathology,  therapy
Liver Transplantation
Male
Mice
Staining and Labeling
Urea / metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 57-13-6/Urea; EC 2.6.1.1/Aspartate Aminotransferases; EC 2.6.1.2/Alanine Transaminase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Isolation of stem cell populations with trophic and immunoregulatory functions from human intestinal...
Next Document:  Prospective comparative analysis of the angiogenic capacity of monocytes and CD133(+) cells in a mur...