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Microchip capillary electrophoresis with electrochemical detector for precolumn enzymatic analysis of glucose, creatinine, uric acid and ascorbic acid in urine and serum.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18969668     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An integrated multiple-enzymatic assay was performed on a (microchip capillary electrophoresis) muCE-EC chip capable of precise intake of sample or reagents in nanoliters. Incorporating multiple-enzyme assay into the muCE chip is relatively new-rendering simultaneous analysis of creatinine and uric acid a snap. Added to the list of merits in this study are the enhanced sensitivity down to 1muM and a broader spectrum of analytes-inclusive of glucose for the long-time sufferers of diabetes. The performance was orchestrated to attain the claimed level: employing the end-channel electrode mode to tame the noises and the precolumn enzymatic reaction to stabilize the baseline. The 10mum embedded Pt electrode, deposited at the end of the 30mum wide separation channel, benefited chip fabrication besides noise reduction. The optimized conditions were 20mM phosphate buffer (pH 7.5), +1.5kV separation voltage and +1.0 V detection potential (versus Ag/AgCl). The migration time was repeatable within the deviation of 0.5% R.S.D. (n=7), but the peak currents ranged from 1.5 to 2.2% R.S.D. The detection limits (S/N=3) ranged from 0.71muM for ascorbic acid to 10muM for glucose. The calibration curve was linear from 10 to 800muM (R(2)>0.995). Glucose, creatinine, uric acid and ascorbic acid as model analytes, in pure form or in serum and urine samples, were tested to verify its feasibility.
Authors:
Hui-Ling Lee; Show-Chuen Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Talanta     Volume:  64     ISSN:  1873-3573     ISO Abbreviation:  Talanta     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984816R     Medline TA:  Talanta     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  750-7     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, Fu-Jen Catholic University, No. 510 Road Chang Cheng, Hsinchuang 242, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.
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