Document Detail


Microbiological quality of complementary foods and its association with diarrhoeal morbidity and nutritional status of Bangladeshi children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22805495     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background/objectives:To examine the bacteriological quality of complementary foods (CF) and to correlate the results with diarrhoeal morbidity and nutritional status of Bangladeshi children aged 6-24 months.Subjects/methods:A total of 212 CF samples were tested, of which 72 were collected immediately before the first time of feeding (1 h of food preparation) and 140 were collected at second/third time of feeding from 140 households located in urban and rural areas of Bangladesh. Anthropometry, food frequency data and demographic information of the children were collected.Results:Of the first time feeding samples, 3% from each of urban and rural areas were found to be contaminated with faecal coliforms (FC) at 100 CFU/g. E. coli was isolated from 11% and 6% of samples, and B. cereus from 8% and 6% of samples from urban and rural areas, respectively. In contrast, 33% of the second/third time feeding samples from urban areas and 19% from rural areas were contaminated with FC at 100 CFU/g (P<0.05). E. coli was isolated from 40% and 39% of samples, and B. cereus from 33% and 26% of samples from urban and rural areas, respectively. Significantly high numbers of wasted rural children had CF with a high aerobic plate count, which was also significantly associated with diarrhoeal morbidity in children.Conclusions:Around 40% of CF samples were contaminated with E. coli, which was mainly attributable to food preparation practices. Consumption of contaminated CF appeared to be associated with a higher frequency of diarrhoea and malnutrition in children.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition advance online publication, 18 July 2012; doi:10.1038/ejcn.2012.94.
Authors:
M A Islam; T Ahmed; A S G Faruque; S Rahman; S K Das; D Ahmed; V Fattori; R Clarke; H P Endtz; A Cravioto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-5640     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Food Safety Research Group, Centre for Nutrition and Food Security, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
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