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Microbial Activity Inhibition in Chilled Mackerel (Scomber Scombrus) by Employment of an Organic Acid-Icing System.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22510040     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
  The present study concerns Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus) traded as a chilled product. The study was aimed to investigate the effect of including a mixture of organic acids (citric, ascorbic, and lactic) in the icing medium employed during the fish chilled storage. To this end and according to preliminary trials results, an aqueous solution including 0.050% (w/v) of each acid was employed as icing medium; its effect on the microbial activity development in mackerel muscle was monitored for up to 13 d of chilled storage and compared to a counterpart-fish batch kept under traditional water ice considered as control. Results indicated a lower bacterial growth in mackerel muscle subjected to storage in the organic acid-icing system by comparison with control fish. Thus, statistically-significant (P < 0.05) differences between both batches for all 6 microbial groups investigated (aerobes, anaerobes, psychrotrophes, Enterobacteriaceae, lipolytics, and proteolytics) and for 2 chemical indices related to microbial activity development (total volatile bases and trimethylamine) were obtained. The surface wash caused by the melting of the ice during storage and the subsequent antimicrobial effect of such acids on skin microflora of the fish can be invoked as the main reasons for the limited bacterial growth found in the corresponding mackerel muscle. Practical Application:  Among natural antioxidants, citric, ascorbic, and lactic acids are low molecular weight organic compounds that represent a relevant choice because of their easy availability, low commercial cost, and wide range of permitted concentrations for their use in foods. Present results obtained by their inclusion in a novel icing system have led to a lower microbial development in chilled mackerel when compared to its counterpart fish kept under traditional icing conditions. Such a finding indicated that inclusion of this acid mixture in the icing medium can lead to a marked quality and safety enhancement as well as to profitable commercial value increases.
Authors:
Minia Sanjuás-Rey; José M Gallardo; Jorge Barros-Velázquez; Santiago P Aubourg
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1750-3841     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014052     Medline TA:  J Food Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Institute of Food Technologists®
Affiliation:
Authors Sanjuás-Rey and Barros-Velázquez are with Dept. of Analytical Chemistry, Nutrition and Food Science, School of Veterinary Sciences, Univ. of Santiago de Compostela, Lugo, Spain. Authors Gallardo and Aubourg are with Dept. of Food Technology, Marine Research Inst. (CSIC), Vigo, Spain. Direct inquiries to author Aubourg (E-mail: saubourg@iim.csic.es).
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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