Document Detail

Microarray and suppression subtractive hybridization analyses of gene expression in pheochromocytoma cells reveal pleiotropic effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide on cell proliferation, survival, and adhesion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12746297     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) exerts trophic effects on several neuronal, neuroendocrine, and endocrine cells. To gain insight into the pattern of the transcriptional modifications induced by PACAP during cell differentiation, we studied the effects of this neuropeptide on rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. We first analyzed the transcriptome of PC12 cells in comparison to that of terminally differentiated rat adrenomedullary chromaffin cells, using a high-density microarray, to identify genes associated with the proliferative phenotype that are possible targets of PACAP during differentiation of sympathoadrenal normal and tumoral cells. We then studied global gene expression in PC12 cells after 48 h of exposure to PACAP, using both cDNA microarray and suppression subtractive hybridization technologies. These complementary approaches resulted in the identification of 75 up-regulated and 70 down-regulated genes in PACAP-treated PC12 cells. Among the genes whose expression is modified in differentiated cells, a vast majority are involved in cell proliferation, survival, and adhesion/motility. Expression changes of most of these genes have been associated with progression of several neoplasms. A kinetic study of the effects of PACAP on some of the identified genes showed that the neuropeptide likely exerts early as well as late actions to achieve the gene expression program necessary for cell differentiation. In conclusion, the results of the present study underscore the pleiotropic role of PACAP in cell differentiation and provide important information on novel targets that could mediate the effects of this neuropeptide in normal and tumoral neuroendocrine cells.
Luca Grumolato; Abdel G Elkahloun; Hafida Ghzili; David Alexandre; Cédric Coulouarn; Laurent Yon; Jean-Philippe Salier; Lee E Eiden; Alain Fournier; Hubert Vaudry; Youssef Anouar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Endocrinology     Volume:  144     ISSN:  0013-7227     ISO Abbreviation:  Endocrinology     Publication Date:  2003 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-05-14     Completed Date:  2003-06-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375040     Medline TA:  Endocrinology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2368-79     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Institut Fédératif de Recherches Multidisciplinaires sur les Peptides (IFRMP 23), Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Neuroendocrinology, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U413, University of Rouen, 76821 Mont-Saint-Aignan, France.
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MeSH Terms
Cell Adhesion / drug effects
Cell Differentiation / drug effects
Cell Division / drug effects
Cell Survival / drug effects
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / drug effects*
Mitogens / pharmacology*
Neuropeptides / pharmacology*
Nucleic Acid Hybridization / methods
Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
PC12 Cells
Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase-Activating Polypeptide
Rats, Wistar
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adcyap1 protein, rat; 0/Mitogens; 0/Neuropeptides; 0/Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase-Activating Polypeptide

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