Document Detail

Microarray and allergenic activity assessment of milk allergens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20860558     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk is one of the most common causes of food allergy affecting approximately 2.5% of infants in the first years of their life. However, only limited information regarding the allergenic activity of individual cow's milk allergens is available.
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the frequency of IgE reactivity and to determine the allergenic activity of individual cow's milk allergens.
METHODS: A nitrocellulose-based microarray, based on purified natural and recombinant cow's milk allergens was used to determine IgE reactivity profiles using sera from 78 cow's milk-sensitized individuals of varying ages. The allergenic activity of the individual allergens was tested using patients' sera for loading rat basophil leukaemia cells (RBL) expressing the α-chain of the human receptor FcεRI.
RESULTS: Using the microarray and the RBL assay, cow's milk allergens were assessed for frequency of IgE recognition and allergenic activity. Moreover, the RBL assay allowed distinguishing individuals without or with mild clinical reactions from those with severe systemic or gastrointestinal symptoms as well as persons who grew out cow's milk allergy from those who did not.
CONCLUSIONS: Component-resolved testing using milk allergen microarrays and RBL assays seems to provide useful additional diagnostic information and may represent a basis for future forms of prophylactic and therapeutic strategies for cow's milk allergy.
H Hochwallner; U Schulmeister; I Swoboda; N Balic; B Geller; M Nystrand; A Härlin; J Thalhamer; S Scheiblhofer; B Niggemann; S Quirce; C Ebner; A Mari; G Pauli; U Herz; E A F van Tol; R Valenta; S Spitzauer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-09-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1365-2222     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Exp. Allergy     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8906443     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Allergy     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1809-18     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Department of Medical and Chemical Laboratory Diagnostics, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
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