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MicroRNA-20a Overexpression Inhibited Proliferation and Metastasis of Pancreatic Carcinoma Cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20583868     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of microRNA-20a on pancreatic carcinoma cell proliferation and invasion and to find a new effective treatment strategy for pancreatic carcinoma. MicroRNA-20a expression was determined in 10 matched normal pancreatic tissues and pancreatic carcinoma by in situ hybridization. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR was used to evaluate the expression of microRNA-20a in two pancreatic carcinoma cell lines (BxPC-3 and Panc-1) and immortal human pancreatic duct epithelial cell line H6C7. Proliferation and invasion capacity were analyzed for the cells with lentivirus-mediated overexpression of microRNA-20a both in vitro and in vivo. In addition, the regulation of signal transducer and activator of transcription proteins 3 (Stat3) by microRNA-20a was determined to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. The pancreatic cancer cell lines (Panc-1 and BxPC-3) stably overexpressing microRNA-20a showed reduced proliferation and invasion capacity in vitro and in vivo, compared with parental cells or cells transfected with a control vector. Furthermore, we found that microRNA-20a negatively regulated Stat3 protein expression in a dose-dependent manner without changing the Stat3 mRNA level and decreased the activity of a luciferase reporter construct containing the Stat3 3'-untranslated region. These results show that microRNA-20a regulates Stat3 at the post-transcriptional level, resulting in inhibition of cell proliferation and invasion of pancreatic carcinoma. It may open a new perspective for the development of effective gene therapy for pancreatic carcinoma.
Authors:
Haijiao Yan; Jiangxue Wu; Wensong Liu; Yufang Zuo; Shupeng Chen; Shineng Zhang; Musheng Zeng; Wenlin Huang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human gene therapy     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1557-7422     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum. Gene Ther.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9008950     Medline TA:  Hum Gene Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1723-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
1 State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University , Guangzhou 510060, P.R. China .
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