Document Detail

Mice with blunted hypoxic ventilatory response are susceptible to respiratory disturbance during hypoxia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16707854     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hypoxia causes a life-threatening situation, and the ventilatory response to hypoxia plays an important role in preventing death. We have hypothesized that persons with a blunted hypoxic ventilatory response may have a weak defense response to hypoxic episodes and be susceptible to fatal respiratory disturbances. However, precise correlations between the hypoxic ventilatory response and respiratory disturbances are not well understood. In the present study we examined the hypoxic and hypercapnic ventilatory responses in nine inbred mouse strains (A/J, AKR/N, BALB/c, C3H/He, C57BL/6, DBA/2, NZW, SWR/J, and 129Sv). Breathing frequency, tidal volume and minute ventilation of unanesthetized and unrestrained mice were assessed by whole body plethysmography. Age-matched mice were exposed for 3 min to 10% O(2) in N(2) gas or 10% CO(2) in hyperoxic gas to determine the acute ventilatory response to chemical stimuli. Basal respiratory variables and hypoxic ventilatory responses differed among the strains, but the hypercapnic ventilatory response did not differ. The hypoxic ventilatory response was the highest in AKR/N mice and the lowest in SWR/J mice. These findings suggest that genetic factors may have influenced the hypoxic ventilatory response but not the hypercapnic ventilatory response. To examine the effects of severe hypoxic stress on the respiratory cycle, we exposed the strain with the highest or lowest hypoxic ventilatory response to 6% O(2) in N(2) until the onset of apnea. The "appearance time of apnea", which is defined as the time from the hypoxic loading to the onset of apnea, was shorter in the SWR/J strain than in the AKR/N strain. We suggest that a lower hypoxic ventilatory response may be a risk factor for apnea under hypoxia.
Tetsuya Adachi; Hiromasa Ogawa; Shinichi Okabe; Tomomi Kitamuro; Yoshihiro Kikuchi; Shigeki Shibahara; Kunio Shirato; Wataru Hida
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine     Volume:  209     ISSN:  0040-8727     ISO Abbreviation:  Tohoku J. Exp. Med.     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-18     Completed Date:  2006-06-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417355     Medline TA:  Tohoku J Exp Med     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  125-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Medicine, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Kawauchi 41, Sendai 980-8576, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Physiological / physiology*
Anoxia / physiopathology*
Apnea / etiology,  physiopathology
Disease Models, Animal
Hypercapnia / physiopathology*
Mice, Inbred AKR
Mice, Inbred BALB C
Mice, Inbred C3H
Mice, Inbred C57BL
Mice, Inbred DBA
Mice, Inbred Strains / physiology*
Plethysmography, Whole Body
Pulmonary Ventilation / physiology*
Respiratory Function Tests
Species Specificity

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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