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MiRNAs as Biomarkers of Myocardial Infarction: A Meta-Analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24533109     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated that acute myocardial infarction induces a distinctive miRNA signature, suggesting that miRNAs may serve as diagnostic markers. Although many studies have investigated the use of miRNAs in the detection of cardiac injury, some had small sample sizes (<100 patients) or reported different results for the same miRNA. Here, the role of circulating miRNAs for use as biomarkers of myocardial infarction is summarized and analyzed.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Medline, SCI, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched up to January 2013 for studies that evaluated associations between miRNAs and myocardial infarction. Relevant publications were identified by searching for combinations of "myocardial infarction," "miRNAs," and their synonyms. Methodological quality was scored using a standardized list of criteria, and diagnostic performance was assessed using estimates of test sensitivity and specificity. These values were summarized using summary receiver-operating characteristic curves. Nineteen studies met the inclusion criteria: 15 studies reported sensitivity, specificity, and AUC, but 4 studies did not. Total miRNAs: sensitivity: 0.78 (95%CI: 0.77-0.80; P = 0.0000); specificity: 0.82 (95%CI: 0.80-0.83; P = 0.0000). miR-499: sensitivity: 0.88 (95%CI:0.86-0.90; P = 0.0000); specificity: 0.87 (95%CI:0.84-0.90; P = 0.0000). miR-1: sensitivity: 0.63 (95%CI:0.59-0.66; P = 0.0000); specificity: 0.76 (95%CI:0.71-0.80; P = 0.0000). miR-133a: sensitivity: 0.89 (95%CI:0.83-0.94; P = 0.0047); specificity: 0.87 (95%CI:0.79-0.92; P = 0.0262). miR-208b: sensitivity: 0.78 (95%CI:0.76-0.81; P = 0.0581); specificity: 0.88 (95%CI:0.84-0.91; P = 0.0000). The correlation between miRNAs and other diagnostic biomarkers of myocardial infarction was obvious.
CONCLUSION: MiRNAs, especially miR-499 and miR-133a, may be suitable for use as diagnostic biomarkers of myocardial infarction.
Chao Cheng; Qiang Wang; Wenjie You; Manhua Chen; Jiahong Xia
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-02-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  PloS one     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1932-6203     ISO Abbreviation:  PLoS ONE     Publication Date:  2014  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-02-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101285081     Medline TA:  PLoS One     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e88566     Citation Subset:  IM    
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