Document Detail

Metrical and histological investigation of the effects of low-level laser therapy on orthodontic tooth movement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21038101     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of 820-nm diode laser on osteoclastic and osteoblastic cell proliferation-activity and RANKL/OPG release during orthodontic tooth movement. Thirty-eight albino Wistar rats were used for this experiment. Maxillary incisors of the subjects were moved orthodontically by a helical spring with force of 20 g. An 820-nm Ga-Al-As diode laser with an output power of 100 mW and a fiber probe with spot size of 2 mm in diameter were used for laser treatment and irradiations were performed on 5 points at the distal side of the tooth root on the first, second, and 3rd days of the experiment. Total laser energy of 54 J (100 mW, 3.18 W/cm(2), 1717.2 J/cm(2)) was applied to group II and a total of 15 J (100 mW, 3.18 W/cm(2), 477 J/cm(2)) to group III. The experiment lasted for 8 days. The number of osteoclasts, osteoblasts, inflammatory cells and capillaries, and new bone formation were evaluated histologically. Besides immunohistochemical staining of PCNA, RANKL and OPG were also performed. No statistical difference was found for the amount of tooth movement in between the control and study groups (p > 0.05). The number of osteoclasts, osteoblasts, inflammatory cells, capillary vascularization, and new bone formation were found to be increased significantly in group II (p < 0.05). Immunohistochemical staining findings showed that RANKL immunoreactivity was stronger in group II than in the other groups. As to OPG immunoreactivity, no difference was found between the groups. Immunohistochemical parameters were higher in group III than in group I, while both were lower than group II. On the basis of these findings, low-level laser irradiation accelerates the bone remodeling process by stimulating osteoblastic and osteoclastic cell proliferation and function during orthodontic tooth movement.
Burcu Ayse Altan; Oral Sokucu; Mahmud M Ozkut; Sevinc Inan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lasers in medical science     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1435-604X     ISO Abbreviation:  Lasers Med Sci     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8611515     Medline TA:  Lasers Med Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  131-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Cumhuriyet University, 58140, Sivas, Turkey,
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