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Methylmercury exposure and health effects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23230465     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Methylmercury is a hazardous substance that is of interest with regard to environmental health, as inorganic mercury circulating in the general environment is dissolved into freshwater and seawater, condensed through the food chain, ingested by humans, and consequently affects human health. Recently, there has been much interest and discussion regarding the toxicity of methylmercury, the correlation with fish and shellfish intake, and methods of long-term management of the human health effects of methylmercury. What effects chronic exposure to a low concentration of methylmercury has on human health remains controversial. Although the possibility of methylmercury poisoning the heart and blood vessel system, the reproductive system, and the immune system is continuously raised and discussed, and the carcinogenicity of methylmercury is also under discussion, a clear conclusion regarding the human health effects according to exposure level has not yet been drawn. The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives proposed to prepare additional fish and shellfish intake recommendations for consumers based on the quantified evaluation of the hazardousness of methylmercury contained in fish and shellfish, methylmercury management in the Korea has not yet caught up with this international trend. Currently, the methylmercury exposure level of Koreans is known to be very high. The starting point of methylmercury exposure management is inorganic mercury in the general environment, but food intake through methylation is the main exposure source. Along with efforts to reduce mercury in the general environment, food intake management should be undertaken to reduce the human exposure to methylmercury in Korea.
Authors:
Young-Seoub Hong; Yu-Mi Kim; Kyung-Eun Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-11-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of preventive medicine and public health = Yebang Ŭihakhoe chi     Volume:  45     ISSN:  2233-4521     ISO Abbreviation:  J Prev Med Public Health     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101242972     Medline TA:  J Prev Med Public Health     Country:  Korea (South)    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  353-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Preventive Medicine, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
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