Document Detail


Methyl ester of [Maclura pomifera (Rafin.) Schneider] seed oil: biodiesel production and characterization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20060293     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Oil extracted from seeds of Maclura pomifera fruits grown in Tunisia was investigated as an alternative feedstock for the production of biodiesel fuel. Biodiesel was prepared by transesterification of the crude oil with methanol in the presence of NaOH as catalyst. Maximum oil to ester conversion was 90%. The viscosity of the biodiesel oil (4.66 cSt) is similar to that of petroleum diesel (2.5-3.5 cSt). The density (0.889 g/cm(3)), kinematic viscosity (4.66 cSt), flash point (180 degrees Celsius), iodine number (125 degrees Celsius), neutralization number (0.4), pour point (-9 degrees Celsius), cloud point (-5 degrees Celsius), cetane number (48) are very similar to the values set forth by the ASTM and EN biodiesel standards for petroleum diesel (No. 2). The comparison shows that the methyl esters of M. pomifera oil could be possible diesel fuel replacements.
Authors:
Fatnassi Saloua; Chatti Saber; Zarrouk Hedi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-01-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioresource technology     Volume:  101     ISSN:  1873-2976     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioresour. Technol.     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-03     Completed Date:  2010-04-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9889523     Medline TA:  Bioresour Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3091-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
UR of Physico-chemical Study of Middle and Naturals Substances, Institute of Research and Physico-Chemical Analysis, Technical Pole, Ariana, Sidi Thabet 2020, Tunisia. fatnassisaloua@yahoo.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Biofuels / analysis*
Calorimetry, Differential Scanning
Catalysis
Chromatography, Gas
Esters / analysis,  metabolism*
Gasoline
Maclura / metabolism*
Plant Oils / chemistry*
Seeds / chemistry*
Spectrophotometry, Infrared
Temperature
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biofuels; 0/Esters; 0/Gasoline; 0/Plant Oils

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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