Document Detail

Methotrexate treatment for ectopic pregnancy at the KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19960159     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic pregnancy is an acute emergency in the first trimester where surgery is the mainstay of treatment. With the advent of improved diagnostic techniques like high-resolution transvaginal ultrasonography and expedient serum human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) assay, ectopic pregnancy is now diagnosed early. At this stage, the conceptus is often small, causing minimal or no symptoms. Medical management may then present an appealing alternative to surgery. Methotrexate has been widely used to treat ectopic pregnancy. A methotrexate ectopic treatment protocol was introduced by the Minimally Invasive Surgery Centre at KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore. We present the results of this treatment. METHODS: A prospective review of 110 cases of medical management of ectopic pregnancy since the implementation of the treatment protocol was undertaken. Demographical data, clinical presentation, treatment progress and outcome were captured using a computer database. All patients were managed as outpatients, and a telephone call-out service was provided to ensure that treatment side effects were monitored and potential treatment failures were identified early. RESULTS: From August 2003 to October 2006, 93 (84.5 percent) patients with ectopic pregnancy were successfully treated with intramuscular methotrexate. 16 patients eventually required surgery and only one patient defaulted on follow-up. There was no major side effect detected in this cohort. The minor side effects reported included mucositis (19.1 percent) and abdominal pain (28.2 percent). CONCLUSION: Methotrexate treatment of ectopic pregnancy is safe. Our treatment protocol enabled us to achieve a reasonable treatment success rate of 84.5 percent.
E W H Thia; K Loi; J J Wang; A Siow
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Singapore medical journal     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0037-5675     ISO Abbreviation:  Singapore Med J     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-04     Completed Date:  2010-02-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404516     Medline TA:  Singapore Med J     Country:  Singapore    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1058-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore.
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MeSH Terms
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal / therapeutic use
Cohort Studies
Methotrexate / therapeutic use*
Middle Aged
Obstetrics / methods
Pregnancy, Ectopic / drug therapy*
Prospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
Ultrasonography / methods
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal; 59-05-2/Methotrexate

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