Document Detail

Methods to optimize recruitment and retention to an exercise study in Chinese immigrants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17356444     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: To counter pervasive disparities in healthcare and guide public health prevention programs, culturally sensitive recruitment and retention strategies for Chinese immigrants participating in health-related research studies are needed. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop and implement recruitment and retention strategies with Chinese immigrants in a Tai Chi exercise study. METHODS: After substantial project planning and incorporating community-based research principles, a multidimensional approach was used to ensure minimal loss to follow-up. Recruitment strategies included partnering with a community-based agency, distributing study information using a multimedia approach, communicating in the native language, and demonstrating cultural sensitivity. Retention strategies included establishing a tracking method during recruitment, providing personalized feedback, maintaining the same location for all aspects of the study, eliminating potential linguistic barriers, providing personal attention and encouragement, monitoring attendance, utilizing a charismatic Tai Chi instructor, respecting Chinese culture, providing appropriate incentives, and maintaining good communication. RESULTS: Sixty persons showed interest in the study, 52 persons were screened, and 39 persons were enrolled. Recruitment was completed within 3 weeks. An advertisement in the Chinese newspaper was the most fruitful recruitment source, yielding approximately 60% of the study participants. Retention in the study was also very high (97%, n = 38). DISCUSSION: The successful recruitment and retention of Chinese immigrants in this Tai Chi exercise study are due to a variety of factors on many levels, including the participants, study investigator, and community-based agency.
Ruth E Taylor-Piliae; Erika Sivarajan Froelicher
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nursing research     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0029-6562     ISO Abbreviation:  Nurs Res     Publication Date:    2007 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-14     Completed Date:  2007-04-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376404     Medline TA:  Nurs Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  132-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; N    
Stanford Prevention Research Center, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Asian Americans / ethnology*
China / ethnology
Communication Barriers
Community Health Centers / organization & administration
Consumer Participation
Cooperative Behavior
Cultural Characteristics
Emigration and Immigration*
Follow-Up Studies
Needs Assessment
Nursing Evaluation Research / organization & administration*
Patient Acceptance of Health Care / ethnology*
Patient Dropouts / psychology
Patient Selection*
Program Evaluation
San Francisco
Tai Ji / organization & administration*,  psychology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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