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Methods in epidemiology: observational study designs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20874034     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
This article is the first of a three-part series intended to enhance clinical pharmacists' understanding of methods frequently used in epidemiologic research and their applications. The basic tenets of epidemiology and uses for data derived from epidemiologic studies are given, along with a high-level overview of the differences between experimental and observational study designs. The defining characteristics of each of the observational study designs (case report or case series, ecologic, cross-sectional, cohort, case-control, nested case-control, and case-cohort) and the resultant strengths and limitations of the study designs are presented. Applications for observational studies in pharmacoepidemiology (including the case-crossover and case-time-control study designs) are discussed. Finally, points to consider when evaluating data from observational studies are addressed.
Natalie A DiPietro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pharmacotherapy     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1875-9114     ISO Abbreviation:  Pharmacotherapy     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8111305     Medline TA:  Pharmacotherapy     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  973-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Raabe College of Pharmacy, Ohio Northern University, Ada, Ohio 45810, USA.
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