Document Detail

Methods for Selecting Effective siRNA Target Sequences Using a Variety of Statistical and Analytical Techniques.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23027044     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Short interfering RNA (siRNA) has been widely used for studying gene function in mammalian cells but varies markedly in its gene silencing efficacy. Although many design rules/guidelines for effective siRNAs based on various criteria have been reported recently, there are only a few consistencies among them. This makes it difficult to select effective siRNA sequences in mammalian genes. This chapter first reviews the recently reported siRNA design guidelines and then proposes new methods for selecting effective siRNA sequences from many possible candidates by using decision tree learning, Bayes' theorem, and average silencing probability on the basis of a large number of known effective siRNAs. These methods differ from the previous score-based siRNA design techniques and can predict the probability that a candidate siRNA sequence will be effective. Evaluation of these methods by applying them to recently reported effective and ineffective siRNA sequences for a number of genes indicates that they would be useful for many other genes. They should, therefore, be of general utility for selecting effective siRNA sequences for mammalian genes. The chapter also describes another method using a hidden Markov model to select the optimal functional siRNAs and discusses the frequencies of combinations of two successive nucleotides as an important characteristic of effective siRNA sequences.
Shigeru Takasaki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)     Volume:  942     ISSN:  1940-6029     ISO Abbreviation:  Methods Mol. Biol.     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9214969     Medline TA:  Methods Mol Biol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  17-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Toyo University, Ora-gun, Gunma, Japan,
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