Document Detail

Methodologies for assessing exposures to metals: human host factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12915144     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Many factors affect bioavailability of metals. Host factors can be defined as any attribute that can influence the amount and degree of metal exposure. In this series of articles, a wide range of aspects are discussed concerning the methodologies for assessing exposures to metals. These aspects include speciation, bioaccessibility, and bioavailability in the environment, in food, and in feed. This article complements the articles by Peakall and Burger and by Calderón et al., reviewing human host factors. In this article, measurement and assessment methods are discussed as they apply to risk assessment, with examples for arsenic, cadmium, chromium, and lead, as well as special consideration for source issues and children's risk. Finally, several examples from the current literature are cited to illustrate some of the approaches presently in use as well as areas of research that require further consideration, including longitudinal studies, as well as better biomonitoring and assessment strategies.
Mark Robson
Related Documents :
23454104 - Safety evaluation of glucose oxidase from penicillium chrysogenum.
16897534 - Bioaccumulation of some heavy metals in different tissues of dicentrarchus labrax l, 17...
11335194 - Lead poisoning from homemade wine: a case study.
1303934 - Integrated personal monitoring of cadmium exposure in sweden.
1368454 - An anionic galactomannan polysaccharide gum from a newly-isolated lactose-utilizing bac...
20138944 - Emotional eating, depressive symptoms and self-reported food consumption. a population-...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ecotoxicology and environmental safety     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0147-6513     ISO Abbreviation:  Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf.     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-13     Completed Date:  2003-12-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805381     Medline TA:  Ecotoxicol Environ Saf     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  104-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Public Health, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, 170 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Animal Feed*
Biological Availability
Environmental Exposure*
Food Contamination*
Metals, Heavy / analysis,  pharmacokinetics,  toxicity*
Risk Assessment
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Metals, Heavy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Modeling uncertainty in the measurement of low-level analytes in environmental analysis.
Next Document:  Methodologies for assessing exposure to metals: speciation, bioavailability of metals, and ecologica...