Document Detail

Method to determine when open treatment of condylar process fractures is not necessary.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19615583     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study is to report an intraoperative method of determining which condylar process fractures of the mandible do not require open reduction and internal fixation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 332 patients with unilateral extracapsular fractures of the mandibular condylar process were retrospectively studied. After any other mandibular fractures had undergone open reduction and internal fixation, the maxillomandibular fixation was released and the occlusion checked to determine whether deviation of the mandible was present toward the side of the condylar fracture. In addition, digital posteriorly directed force was applied to the chin to determine how easily the mandible would deviate. Those cases in which the mandible dropped posteriorly toward the side of fracture, creating a malocclusion ("drop-back"), were treated either closed or by open reduction, according to several factors. Those whose mandibles either did not deviate toward the side of fracture or those in whom the mandible could be pushed posteriorly on the side of fracture but readily regained a midline position on release of pressure (nondrop-back) were treated closed. Displacement of the condylar process was examined using pretreatment Towne's and panoramic radiographs. The relationship between the intraoperative drop-back results and the pretreatment level and displacement of the condylar process fractures was statistically assessed. RESULTS: Of the 332 fractures, 105 were in the nondrop-back group and 227 were in the drop-back group. The only demographic difference between the 2 groups was the displacement of the condylar process, which was greater in the drop-back group. All patients in the nondrop-back group, except for 1, had good occlusal and functional outcomes, with minimal need for interarch elastic guidance. CONCLUSIONS: Determining which patients would not benefit from open reduction and internal fixation can be assessed clinically during surgery more reliably than using preoperative imaging studies.
Edward Ellis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons     Volume:  67     ISSN:  1531-5053     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-20     Completed Date:  2009-08-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8206428     Medline TA:  J Oral Maxillofac Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1685-90     Citation Subset:  AIM; D; IM    
Professor, Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-9109, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Dental Occlusion
Dislocations / radiography,  therapy
Follow-Up Studies
Intraoperative Care
Jaw Fixation Techniques / instrumentation
Mandible / physiopathology
Mandibular Condyle / injuries*,  radiography
Mandibular Fractures / radiography,  surgery,  therapy*
Middle Aged
Radiography, Panoramic
Range of Motion, Articular / physiology
Retrospective Studies
Stress, Mechanical
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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