Document Detail


Method of test administration as a factor in test validity: the use of a personality questionnaire in the prediction of cancer and coronary heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7654164     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examines the predictive accuracy of four different methods of administration of a questionnaire designed to predict cancer and coronary heart disease (CHD) in healthy probands. The method of administration uses the establishment of trust and the explanation of questions as variables in all four possible combinations, i.e. trust and explanation, trust only, explanation only, and neither, the prediction being that the combination of trust and explanation would produce the most accurate prediction, the treatment using neither the worst prediction, with methods using either trust alone or explanation alone intermediate. The criterion was the successful prediction of cancer and CHD. A total population of 3563 men and women was used, and followed up over 15 years, death certificates being used to establish cause of death. As predicted, the combination of trust and explanation did best, use of neither worst. Explanation seemed more important than trust, and the combination seemed to have a synergistic effect. It is apparent that method of administration had an important effect on the outcome of the experiment.
Authors:
R Grossarth-Maticek; H J Eysenck; G J Boyle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behaviour research and therapy     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0005-7967     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav Res Ther     Publication Date:  1995 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-09-28     Completed Date:  1995-09-28     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372477     Medline TA:  Behav Res Ther     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  705-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
European Center for Peace and Development, University for Peace (United Nations), Denmark Hill, London, England.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Bias (Epidemiology)
Coronary Disease / psychology*
Disease Susceptibility / psychology
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Internal-External Control
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasms / psychology*
Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data*
Psychometrics
Psychophysiologic Disorders / psychology*
Reproducibility of Results
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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