Document Detail


Method and effect of adjustment for heterogeneous variance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1787204     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Lactation records were standardized for differing genetic and error variances across herds and over time based on phenotypic variance for each herd-year-parity group. Each herd-year-parity phenotypic variance estimate was combined with those of adjacent years and regressed toward a region-year-parity variance. Heritability was assumed to be .25 at mean variance within year and to range from .2 for herds with smallest phenotypic SD to .3 for herds with largest phenotypic SD. Lactation deviations from management group mean were adjusted by ratio of base genetic SD to genetic SD estimated from heritability and phenotypic SD. The base was defined as 1987 calvings for first parity and 1988 calvings for later parities. Records were weighted according to heritability by multiplying lactation length weight by herd error weight defined as ratio of base error variance to error variance in the adjusted record. Estimated genetic trend for milk increased by nearly 5 kg/yr for Holsteins with this adjustment, which caused predicted breeding values of oldest animals to be lower by about 100 kg. Most correlations of parent and progeny information were slightly higher with adjusted data. Cows in high variance herds were most likely to have large reductions in their evaluations. Adjustment for heterogeneous variance was implemented in July 1991 for national evaluations for yield traits.
Authors:
G R Wiggans; P M VanRaden
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  74     ISSN:  0022-0302     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  1991 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-03-24     Completed Date:  1992-03-24     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4350-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Animal Improvement Programs Laboratory, USDA, Beltsville, MD 20705-2350.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cattle / genetics*
Female
Genetic Variation*
Lactation / genetics
Male
Models, Biological*
Models, Genetic*
Parity
Phenotype
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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