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Method of delivery and intraventricular haemorrhage in extremely preterm infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20236026     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
OBJECTIVES: It has been reported that caesarean delivery (CD) protects against intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) in the extremely preterm infant, but it is not known whether this effect involve the more severe grades of IVH. Thus, our aim was to confirm the correlation between the occurrence of IVH and the mode of delivery, and to evaluate this correlation for each grade of IVH.
METHODS: All infants with gestational age (GA) ≤ 28 weeks admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital were studied for each grade IVH and major complications rate.
RESULT: We found that vaginally born infants had a higher rate of each grade of IVH, but the increase was statistically significant only for grade 3 IVH (18% vs. 2%, p < 0.0001) and all grades IVH (45% vs. 20%, p < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that CD (RR: 0.42, 95% CI 0.28-0.63), birth weight ≥ 800 g (RR: 0.48, 95% CI 0.32-0.73), 27-28 weeks of GA (RR: 0.38, 95% CI 0.25-0.60) and antenatal steroids (0.66, 95% CI 0.22-0.46) decrease independently the risk of developing IVH.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that CD decreases the risk of developing IVH in extremely preterm infants including the most severe grades of IVH.
Carlo Dani; Chiara Poggi; Giovanna Bertini; Simone Pratesi; Mariarosaria Di Tommaso; Gianfranco Scarselli; Firmino F Rubaltelli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-03-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1419-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Section of Neonatology, Department of Surgical and Medical Critical Care, Careggi University Hospital of Florence, Florence, Italy.
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