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Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia associated with Lemierre's syndrome: case report and literature review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23701713     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background: Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is a growing health concern. Lemierre's syndrome is a septic jugular thrombophlebitis that primarily affects young adults. This paper aimed to identify a possible sub-group of Lemierre's syndrome cases associated with community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Method: This paper reports the case of a 16-year-old male who was admitted for increasing fever, tachycardia, tachypnoea and neck pain. The patient was diagnosed with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia associated with Lemierre's syndrome. A literature review was subsequently conducted. Results: Following intravenous antibiotic treatment and the sterilisation of blood cultures, the patient improved. The literature review indicated a rise in the past 2 years of Lemierre's syndrome associated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among patients less than 18 years of age. Conclusion: Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia can lead to pulmonary sequelae. When it is associated with pharyngitis, nasopharyngitis or parapharyngeal lymphadenitis, the affected patient may be predisposed to Lemierre's syndrome. As bacterial carriage is predominantly nasal, pharyngitis may not be present. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus should be included as an offending bacterium where there is suspicion of Lemierre's syndrome. It is unclear whether anticoagulation alters the course of the bacterium, and surgery is probably contraindicated.
V Kizhner; G Samara; R Panesar; Y P Krespi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-5-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of laryngology and otology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1748-5460     ISO Abbreviation:  J Laryngol Otol     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-5-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8706896     Medline TA:  J Laryngol Otol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-3     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Otolaryngology, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital, New York, New York, USA.
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