Document Detail


Methamphetamine and driving impairment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8656187     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Following a review of the effects of methamphetamine on human performance, actual driving and behavior were evaluated in 28 cases in which drivers arrested or killed in traffic accidents had tested positive for methamphetamine. The circumstances surrounding the arrest or accident were examined, together with any observations by the arresting officer regarding behavioral irregularities. The investigators also made a determination of culpability. Most of the arrests resulted from accidents in which the driver was determined to be culpable. Typical driving behaviors included drifting out of the lane of travel, erratic driving, weaving, speeding, drifting off the road, and high speed collisions. Behavioral manifestations of methamphetamine use in arrestees included rapid or confused speech, rapid pulse, agitation, paranoia, dilated pupils, violet or aggressive attitude. Combined alcohol and methamphetamine use was uncommon, however use of marijuana was evident in about one third of the cases. In addition to impairing judgment and increasing risk taking, the effects of withdrawal from methamphetamine use including fatigue, hypersomnnolence, and depression are likely contributors to many of these accidents. A consideration of the literature and the cases discussed here, leads to the conclusion that methamphetamine at any concentration is likely to produce symptoms that are inconsistent with safe driving.
Authors:
B K Logan
Related Documents :
23897457 - Half a century of ramachandran plots.
8911897 - Hyponatremia in patients with nocturnal enuresis treated with ddavp.
23346417 - The biology of ewing sarcoma.
11526877 - Digoxin toxicity in a 26-year-old woman taking a herbal dietary supplement.
19895597 - Colorectal foreign bodies: a systematic review.
6330907 - Association of adenovirus type 16 with reye's-syndrome-like illness and pneumonia.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of forensic sciences     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0022-1198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Forensic Sci.     Publication Date:  1996 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-07-30     Completed Date:  1996-07-30     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375370     Medline TA:  J Forensic Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  457-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Washington State Toxicology Lab, Dept. of Laboratory Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle 98134, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Automobile Driving*
Central Nervous System Stimulants* / blood
Female
Humans
Male
Methamphetamine* / blood
Substance-Related Disorders / blood,  complications*,  epidemiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Central Nervous System Stimulants; 537-46-2/Methamphetamine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Mortality from Hurricane Andrew.
Next Document:  Stability and spontaneous production of blood cyanide during heating.