Document Detail

Metastatic choriocarcinoma in a viable intrauterine pregnancy treated with EMA-CO in the third trimester: a case report.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21838170     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Choriocarcinoma is a highly malignant tumor arising from any gestation. Several cases of metastatic choriocarcinoma have been reported in the literature during viable intrauterine pregnancies.
CASE: We present a case of choriocarcinoma metastatic to the lungs, liver and brain in a 28-year-old female who received systemic chemotherapy, consisting of etoposide-methotrexate-actinomycin D-cyclophosphamide-vincristine (EMA-CO), during pregnancy and subsequently delivered a viable female infant at 32 weeks' gestation. This case is one of only a few presented in the literature in which metastatic choriocarcinoma was treated during pregnancy with delivery during the third trimester.
CONCLUSION: Most reported cases of metastatic choriocarcinoma involve immediate delivery, usually via cesarean section, of premature infants in an effort to initiate chemotherapy after delivery, avoiding inherent risks to the fetus. Our patient was successfully treated with EMA-CO regimen for high-risk gestational trophoblastic tumors and delivered a developmentally normal infant. This report details this case and the importance of early initiation of cytotoxic drugs.
Lorna A Brudie; Sarfraz Ahmad; Michael J Radi; Neil J Finkler
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of reproductive medicine     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0024-7758     ISO Abbreviation:  J Reprod Med     Publication Date:    2011 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0173343     Medline TA:  J Reprod Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  359-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Florida Hospital Gynecologic Oncology, Florida Hospital Cancer Institute, Orlando, FL 32804, USA.
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