Document Detail

Metallic open-cell foams--a promising approach to fabricating good medical implants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17065742     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this paper is to report on the characterization of the influences of foam homogeneity and the cell strut material on the mechanical behaviour and the fracture mode of metallic foams that are promising candidates for new perfectly tailored medical implants. For two open-cell foams with identical cell geometries produced in the same precision-casting process but using different cell strut materials, the stress-strain behaviour and the evolution of damage until fracture is compared. To account for effects arising from a change in the geometry of the cell structure and the resulting homogeneity of the foam, the main characteristics of fracture for the group of closed-cell foams were included in this study. Monotonic tests carried out in compression revealed that foam homogeneity is the major factor with respect to the formation of deformation bands prior to cell collapse in metallic foams. The influence of the cell strut ductility is particularly pronounced in monotonic tension where the fracture mode changes from extremely brittle fracture to strongly plastically deformed cells, with substantial fracture elongation. In tension-tension fatigue as well as under symmetric push-pull loading conditions, damage is governed by a combination of cyclic creep and fatigue crack propagation through the specimen. From a mechanistic point of view no fundamental differences between the three foams tested were detected for these loading conditions. However, in compression-compression fatigue the same dependencies in terms of homogeneity and ductility influence the mechanisms of strain evolution that are active in monotonic compression.
A Ohrndorf; U Krupp; H-J Christ
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Technology and health care : official journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0928-7329     ISO Abbreviation:  Technol Health Care     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-26     Completed Date:  2007-03-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9314590     Medline TA:  Technol Health Care     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  201-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institut für Werkstofftechnik, Universität Siegen, Paul-Bonatz-Str. 9-11, 57076 Siegen, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Compressive Strength*
Materials Testing / methods*
Prostheses and Implants
Stress, Mechanical
Tensile Strength*
Reg. No./Substance:

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