Document Detail

Metal nitride cluster fullerenes: their current state and future prospects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17657757     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The world of endohedral fullerenes was significantly enlarged over the past seven years by the cluster fullerenes, which contain structures such as the M(2)C(2) carbides and the M(3)N nitrides. While the carbide clusters are generated under the standard arc-burning conditions according to stabilization conditions, the nitride cluster fullerenes (NCFs) are formed by varying the composition of the cooling gas atmosphere in the arc-burning process. The special conditions for NCF synthesis is described in detail and the optimum conditions for the production of NCFs as the main product in fullerene syntheses are given. A general review of all NCFs reported to date consists of the structures, properties, and stability of the NCFs as well as the abundance of the NCFs in the fullerene soot. It is shown that all cages with even carbon atoms from C(68) to C(98) are available as endohedral nitride cluster structures (with the exception of C(72), C(74), and C(76)). Specifically, the NCFs form the largest number of structures that violate the isolated pentagon rule (IPR). Finally some practical applications of these cluster fullerenes are illustrated and an outlook is given, taking the superior stability of these endohedral fullerenes into account.
Lothar Dunsch; Shangfeng Yang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1613-6829     ISO Abbreviation:  Small     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-01     Completed Date:  2007-09-04     Revised Date:  2008-04-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101235338     Medline TA:  Small     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1298-320     Citation Subset:  IM    
Group of Electrochemistry and Conducting Polymers, Leibniz-Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden, 01171 Dresden, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Crystallization / methods,  trends
Fullerenes / chemistry*
Macromolecular Substances / chemistry
Materials Testing
Metals / chemistry*
Molecular Conformation
Nanostructures / chemistry*,  ultrastructure*
Nanotechnology / methods*,  trends*
Nitrogen Compounds / chemistry*
Particle Size
Surface Properties
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fullerenes; 0/Macromolecular Substances; 0/Metals; 0/Nitrogen Compounds

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