Document Detail


Metabolites of cis,trans, and trans,cis isomers of linoleic acid in mice and incorporation into tissue lipids.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2029547     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Metabolism of octadecadienoic acid isomers in weanling mice was studied by feeding fat-free diets supplemented with 2% by weight of cis-9,trans-12-octadecadienoic acid (c,t-18:2-d0), tetradeuterated trans-9,cis-12-octadecadienoic acid (t,c-18:2-d4) or dideuterated cis-9,cis-12-octadecadienoic acid (c,c-18:2-d2). Rates for conversion of c,t-18:2-d0 and c,c-18:2-d2 to c,t-20:4-d0 and c,c-20:4-d2 were identical and both were 5-times higher than conversion of t,c-18:2-d4 to t,c-20:4-d4. Accumulation of t,c-18:2-d4 in liver lipids was 2-4-times higher than for c,t-18:2-d0 or c,c-18:2-d2. The t,c-18:2 diet significantly increased with the 20:3(n-9) and total lipid concentrations in liver but not in heart, plasma or brain. The 20:3(n-9)/20:4(n-6) ratio in the liver lipids was 2-4-times higher for t,c-18:2-d4 than c,c-18:2-d2 fed mice. The position of the trans bond had a marked influence on the distribution of the various intermediate desaturation and elongation products. Intermediate metabolite data for the liver lipids indicated t,c-18:2-d4 was preferentially converted to 5c,11c,14t-20:3 ('dead end' product) rather than to t,c-20:4. Concentration of the 18:3(n-6) metabolite of c,t-18:2-d0 was about 10-times greater than the 18:3(n-6) metabolite of c,c-18:2-d2. Conversely, the concentration of the normal 20:3(n-6) metabolite from c,c-18:2-d2 was 4-times higher than the 20:3(n-6) metabolite of c,t-18:2-d0. Compared to the c,c-18:2 diet, the t,c- and c,t-18:2 diets significantly increased the total n-3, but not the total n-6 fatty acid content of heart lipids. These results illustrate that the position of the trans double-bond influences a variety of enzyme activities and the isomers differ in their physiological effects.
Authors:
E C Beyers; E A Emken
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochimica et biophysica acta     Volume:  1082     ISSN:  0006-3002     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochim. Biophys. Acta     Publication Date:  1991 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-06-20     Completed Date:  1991-06-20     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217513     Medline TA:  Biochim Biophys Acta     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  275-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Northern Regional Research Center, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Peoria, IL 61604.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Body Weight
Brain Chemistry
Chromatography, Gas
Fatty Acids / analysis
Linoleic Acid
Linoleic Acids / blood,  chemistry,  metabolism*
Liver / chemistry
Male
Mice
Myocardium / chemistry
Stereoisomerism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids; 0/Linoleic Acids; 2197-37-7/Linoleic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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