Document Detail


Metabolism of very low density lipoproteins--effect of sardine oil.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1506035     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of feeding fish oil on the metabolism of lipoproteins was studied in rats. Rats were fed diet containing 10% sardine or groundnut oil for 6 weeks. There was a significant decrease in the total cholesterol, phospholipids and triglycerides as well as the amount of the lipids associated with VLDL and LDL in serum in fish oil-fed rats. The synthesis and secretion of lipoproteins particularly apoB containing lipoproteins by primary cultures of hepatocytes from these rats were studied by 14(C)-acetate or 3(H)-leucine labelling. Primary cultures of hepatocytes derived from sardine oil-fed rats showed reduced incorporation of 3(H)-leucine into apoB containing lipoproteins secreted into the medium when compared to those fed groundnut oil, indicating a decreased synthesis and secretion of apoB. This was further confirmed by significantly lower incorporation of 14(C)-radioactivity into total and individual lipids of VLDL secreted into the medium, as well as that associated with different lipids in cell layer. The activity of lipoprotein lipase in adipose tissue and aorta was significantly higher in rats fed sardine oil which may cause an increased clearance of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins from circulation. These results indicate that the fish oil exerts hypolipidemic effect particularly by decreasing the synthesis and secretion of VLDL by liver and possibly by an increased clearance of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins from circulation.
Authors:
K Anil; R Abraham; G S Kumar; P R Sudhakaran; P A Kurup
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of experimental biology     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0019-5189     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J. Exp. Biol.     Publication Date:  1992 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-09-18     Completed Date:  1992-09-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0233411     Medline TA:  Indian J Exp Biol     Country:  INDIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  518-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biochemistry, University of Kerala, Trivandrum, India.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Administration, Oral
Animals
Cells, Cultured
Fish Oils / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Lipoproteins, LDL / drug effects,  metabolism*
Liver / cytology,  metabolism
Male
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fish Oils; 0/Lipoproteins, LDL

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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