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Metabolic syndrome is not a predictor for cardiovascular events in Japanese patients with diabetes mellitus asymptomatic for coronary artery disease: A retrospective analysis of the J-ACCESS-2 study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23196975     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) have potentially higher risk for cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of MetS on cardiac events in type-2 diabetic patients asymptomatic for coronary artery disease (CAD) in a Japanese population. METHODS: A total of 485 patients from a J-ACCESS-2 investigation with stress-gated myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and quantitative-gated MPI analysis were examined. Cardiovascular hard events (cardiac death and acute coronary syndrome) and total events during a 3-year follow-up were analyzed. RESULTS: The MetS group (n = 229) had higher incidence of hypertension, dyslipidemia, and ventricular dilatation than the non-MetS group (n = 256). The hard events were 8 and 12 for the MetS and non-MetS groups (P = n.s.), and total events were 31 and 31 for each of these groups, respectively (P = n.s.). Significant variables related to total cardiovascular events included age, current smoking, insulin use, total cholesterol, ejection fraction, summed stress score ≥ 9, and summed difference score ≥ 2. Cox proportional hazard analysis and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that only the summed stress score was related to total events (P = .01), and the presence and the number of items for MetS criteria were not. CONCLUSION: In patients with type 2 diabetes asymptomatic for CAD, cardiovascular events and ischemia are as common in diabetic patients without MetS as in those with MetS. A high MPI defect score is related to total events including cardiac and cerebrovascular events.
Authors:
Kenichi Nakajima; Yasuchika Takeishi; Shinro Matsuo; Yoshimitsu Yamasaki; Tsunehiko Nishimura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-6551     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nucl Cardiol     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9423534     Medline TA:  J Nucl Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Kanazawa University Hospital, 13-1 Takara-machi, Kanazawa, 920-8641, Japan, nakajima@med.kanazawa-u.ac.jp.
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