Document Detail

Metabolic adaptations to exercise in the cold. An update.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8248684     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Metabolic adaptations to exercise in a cold environment include the liberation of heat by vigorous physical activity, shivering and various forms of nonshivering thermogenesis. During a single exposure to cold the main metabolic fuel is glycogen; however, repeated bouts of exercise in the cold also result in an increase in fat metabolism. Potential contributors to fat loss induced by exercise in the cold include: the energy cost of synthesising lean tissue; cold-induced excretion of ketones; stimulation of resting metabolism; and the high energy cost of movement in a cold environment (walking over snow, the weight of heavy boots, hobbling by winter clothing, and decreased mechanical efficiency of dehydrated muscles). Biochemical explanations of fat mobilisation include increased secretion of catecholamines, increased sensitivity of peripheral catecholamine receptors and a decrease in circulating insulin levels. Such fat loss may be helpful in treating moderate obesity, although the response seems less well developed in women than in men. Metabolic changes must be taken into consideration in preparing winter athletes for competition. Glycogen depletion has a negative effect on the performance of endurance competitors, but this can be countered by a combination of diet, training and cold acclimation.
R J Shephard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.)     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0112-1642     ISO Abbreviation:  Sports Med     Publication Date:  1993 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-01-06     Completed Date:  1994-01-06     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412297     Medline TA:  Sports Med     Country:  NEW ZEALAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  266-89     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Physical and Health Education, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Physiological / physiology*
Cold Temperature* / adverse effects
Energy Metabolism / physiology
Exercise / physiology*
Hypothermia / physiopathology
Metabolism / physiology*
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology
Sports / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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