Document Detail

Metabolic syndrome and daily ambulation in children, adolescents, and young adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22811038     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSES: To compare daily ambulatory measures in children, adolescents, and young adults with and without metabolic syndrome and to assess which metabolic syndrome components, demographic measures, and body composition measures are associated with daily ambulatory measures.
METHODS: Two-hundred fifty subjects between the ages of 10 and 30 yr were assessed on metabolic syndrome components, demographic and clinical measures, body fat percentage, and daily ambulatory strides, durations, and cadences during seven consecutive days. Of the 250 subjects, 45 had metabolic syndrome, as defined by the International Diabetes Federation.
RESULTS: Subjects with metabolic syndrome ambulated at a slower daily average cadence than those without metabolic syndrome (13.6 ± 2.2 vs 14.9 ± 3.2 strides per minute; P = 0.012), and they had slower cadences for continuous durations of 60 min (P = 0.006), 30 min (P = 0.005), 20 min (P = 0.003), 5 min (P = 0.002), and 1 min (P = 0.001). However, the total amount of time spent ambulating each day was not different (P = 0.077). After adjustment for metabolic syndrome status, average cadence is linearly associated with body fat percentage (P < 0.001) and fat mass (P < 0.01). Group difference in average cadence was no longer significant after adjusting for body fat percentage (P = 0.683) and fat mass (P = 0.973).
CONCLUSIONS: Children, adolescents, and young adults with metabolic syndrome ambulate more slowly and take fewer strides throughout the day than those without metabolic syndrome, although the total amount of time spent ambulating is not different. Furthermore, the detrimental influence of metabolic syndrome on ambulatory cadence is primarily a function of body fatness.
Andrew W Gardner; Donald E Parker; Sowmya Krishnan; Laura J Chalmers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-18     Completed Date:  2013-05-17     Revised Date:  2014-01-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  163-9     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Adiposity / physiology
Age Factors
Case-Control Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Metabolic Syndrome X / diagnosis,  physiopathology*
Sex Factors
Time Factors
Walking / physiology*
Young Adult
Grant Support
M01-RR-14467/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; P20 MD000528/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS; P20-MD-000528-05/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS

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