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Metabolic Activity of Fatty Acid-Oxidizing Bacteria and the Contribution of Acetate, Propionate, Butyrate, and CO(2) to Methanogenesis in Cattle Waste at 40 and 60 degrees C.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16345789     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The quantitative contribution of fatty acids and CO(2) to methanogenesis was studied by using stirred, 3-liter bench-top digestors fed on a semicontinuous basis with cattle waste. The fermentations were carried out at 40 and 60 degrees C under identical loading conditions (6 g of volatile solids per liter of reactor volume per day, 10-day retention time). In the thermophilic digestor, acetate turnover increased from a prefeeding level of 16 muM/min to a peak (49 muM/min) 1 h after feeding and then gradually decreased. Acetate turnover in the mesophilic digestor increased from 15 to 40 muM/min. Propionate turnover ranged from 2 to 5.2 and 1.5 to 4.5 muM/min in the thermophilic and mesophilic digestors, respectively. Butyrate turnover (0.7 to 1.2 muM/min) was similar in both digestors. The proportion of CH(4) produced via the methyl group of acetate varied with time after feeding and ranged from 72 to 75% in the mesophilic digestor and 75 to 86% in the thermophilic digestor. The contribution from CO(2) reduction was 24 to 29% and 19 to 27%, respectively. Propionate and butyrate turnover accounted for 20% of the total CH(4) produced. Acetate synthesis from CO(2) was greatest shortly after feeding and was higher in the thermophilic digestor (0.5 to 2.4 muM/min) than the mesophilic digestor (0.3 to 0.5 muM/min). Counts of fatty acid-degrading bacteria were related to their turnover activity.
Authors:
R I Mackie; M P Bryant
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied and environmental microbiology     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0099-2240     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Environ. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  1981 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-25     Completed Date:  2010-06-25     Revised Date:  2010-09-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605801     Medline TA:  Appl Environ Microbiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1363-73     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Dairy Science, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801.
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