Document Detail


Meta-analysis of incidence, clinical characteristics and implications of stent fracture.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20920641     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A meta-analysis of published studies was conducted to evaluate the incidence, predictors, and clinical outcomes of stent fractures. Eight studies with 108 stent fractures in 5,321 patients were analyzed using the Bayesian method. Study end points included in-stent restenosis (ISR) and target lesion revascularization (TLR). The mean incidence of stent fracture per patient was 4.0% (95% confidence interval 0.4% to 16.3%). All cases, except 1, were reported with sirolimus-eluting stents. The incidence of stent fracture was 30.4% in the left anterior descending coronary artery, 10.9% in the left circumflex coronary artery, 56.4% in the right coronary artery, < 0.01% in the left main coronary artery, and 1.7% in saphenous vein grafts. The probability of stent fracture was significantly higher in the right coronary artery than in the left anterior descending and left circumflex lesions (p < 0.01). Left main stents were less likely to fracture compared to those in all other vessels (p < 0.01). The probability of stent fracture was significantly increased in overlapping stents (7.5% vs 2.1%, p = 0.01) and long stents (46 vs 32.5 mm, p < 0.01). Lesions with stent fractures had higher rates of ISR (38% vs 8.2%, p < 0.01) and TLR (17% vs 5.6%, p < 0.01). Conversely, the probability of stent fractures was higher in patients with ISR (12.8% vs 2.1%, p < 0.01) and TLR (8.8% vs 2.7%, p < 0.01). In conclusion, although not always associated with clinical sequelae, the probability of ISR and TLR is increased with stent fracture. Conversely, the probability of stent fractures is increased in lesions with ISR or TLR, thus raising the need for surveillance and management guidelines for at-risk patients.
Authors:
Tarun Chakravarty; Anthony J White; Mamta Buch; Hursh Naik; Niraj Doctor; Jay Schapira; Saibal Kar; James S Forrester; Robert E Weiss; Raj Makkar
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  106     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-05     Completed Date:  2010-10-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1075-80     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Coronary Restenosis / epidemiology*,  etiology*
Humans
Incidence
Myocardial Ischemia / surgery*
Prosthesis Failure
Risk Factors
Stents*
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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