Document Detail


Meta-analysis of the effect of exercise programs for individuals with intellectual disabilities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22728605     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of physical exercise programs on individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). This meta-analysis analyzed 67 effect sizes and 14 studies and calculated the standardized mean difference in effect size. The unit of analysis for overall effects was the study, and the sub-group analysis focused on effect size using a random effects model. The effect size of exercise programs was positive with a 0.41 standard deviation. The professional/scholastic measure was the most effective program, whereas the biometric and body composition effects were trivial. This study showed that short-duration exercise programs were more effective than those of longer duration, and an exercise program that runs 4 times per week had a better effect than one that runs 3 times per week. The most effective length of session for exercise was 31-60min, and exercise was more effective for older people than for younger people. Amidst a growing variety of studies of physical exercise programs for individuals with ID, this meta-analysis indicated the present status and future direction of studies on physical exercise programs for individuals with ID. The limitations and implications for practice and theory were discussed.
Authors:
In-Soo Shin; Eun-Young Park
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research in developmental disabilities     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1873-3379     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709782     Medline TA:  Res Dev Disabil     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1937-1947     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Secondary Special Education, College of Education, Jeonju University, PO Box 560-759, 45 Baengma-gil, Wansan-gu, Jeonju, Republic of Korea.
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