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A Meta-analysis of Randomized Trials Comparing Surgery versus Endovascular Therapy for Thrombosed Arteriovenous Fistulas and Grafts in Hemodialysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23381773     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To carry out a systematic review of randomized trials comparing surgery vs. endovascular therapy for occluded fistulas and grafts. METHODS: All randomized trials which compared surgery and endovascular therapy for occluded fistulas and grafts were retrieved from 1990 onwards. The following search terms were used: "haemodialysis," "thrombosis," "arteriovenous fistula," "arteriovenous shunt," "end stage renal failure" on Medline and PubMed. The results of the pooled data were analysed by a fixed-effect model. RESULTS: There were no randomized trials comparing surgery vs. endovascular therapy for native fistulas and vein grafts. Six randomized studies reporting on 573 occluded grafts were identified. Technical success, need for access line and primary patency at 30 days were similar between the two groups (odds ratio [OR] 1.40, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 0.91-2.14; OR 0.77, 95 % CI 0.44-1.34; and OR 1.15, 95 % CI 0.79-1.68, respectively). There was no significant difference in morbidity at 30 days between groups (OR 1.12, 95 % CI 0.67-1.86). There were no statistical difference between the two groups for 1 year primary patency (OR 2.08, 95 % CI 0.97-4.45). Primary assisted patency at 1 year was better with surgery (OR 3.03, 95 % CI 1.12-8.18) in a single study. CONCLUSION: Comparable results to surgery have been achieved with endovascular techniques for occluded prosthetic grafts for dialysis access. Long-term data comparing the two groups were lacking. Further trials designed to encompass variation in methods are warranted in order to obtain the best available evidence particularly for native fistulas.
Authors:
G Kuhan; G A Antoniou; M Nikam; S Mitra; F Farquharson; J Brittenden; N Chalmers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiovascular and interventional radiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-086X     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003538     Medline TA:  Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Regional Vascular and Endovascular Unit, Central Manchester University Hospital Foundation Trust, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9WL, UK, gkuhan@nhs.net.
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