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Meta-Analysis of Time-Related Benefits of Statin Therapy in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24792742     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) still experience high rates of recurrent coronary events, particularly, early in their presentation. Statins yield substantial cardiovascular benefits, but the optimal timing of their administration, before or after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), remains unclear. We aimed to perform a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of statin administration before or after PCI versus no statin or low-dose statin in patients with ACS. Primary end points were 30-day all-cause mortality and 30-day myocardial infarction (MI) stratified by pre- and post-PCI statin administration. Secondary end points were major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) or major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs). Long-term analysis beyond 30 days was also performed. Twenty randomized controlled trials enrolling 8,750 patients were included. At 30 days, the rate of MI was significantly lower in the statin group (odds ratio [OR] 0.67, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.53 to 0.84, p = 0.0007) with a trend toward reduced mortality (p = 0.06) and significant reductions in MACE and MACCE compared with no or low-dose statin. The 30-day incidence of MI was markedly lower when statins were administered before PCI (OR 0.38, 95% CI 0.24 to 0.59, p <0.0001) rather than after PCI (p = 0.28). The direction and magnitude of the estimates for before and after PCI versus no statin or low-dose statin were sustained at long term, not reaching statistical significance for MI (OR 0.81, 95% CI 0.65 to 1.01, p = 0.06) but with significant reductions in MACE (p = 0.0002). By meta-regression, earlier statin administration correlated significantly with lower risk of MI, MACE, and MACCE at 30 days. In conclusion, the present meta-analysis indicates a time-related impact of statin therapy on clinical outcomes of patients with ACS undergoing PCI: the earlier the administration before PCI, the greater the benefits.
Authors:
Eliano Pio Navarese; Mariusz Kowalewski; Felicita Andreotti; Marleen van Wely; Cyril Camaro; Michalina Kolodziejczak; Bartosz Gorny; Jeffrey Wirianta; Jacek Kubica; Malte Kelm; Menko-Jan de Boer; Harry Suryapranata
Publication Detail:
Type:  REVIEW     Date:  2014-3-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  113     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1753-1764     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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