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A Meta-Analysis of Observational Intra-Arterial Stroke Therapy Studies Using the Merci Device, Penumbra System, and Retrievable Stents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22837311     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The time from arterial puncture to successful recanalization is an important milestone toward timely recanalization. With the significant improvement in recanalization rates by using thrombectomy devices, procedural time to recanalization is becoming a determinant factor in choosing among available devices. We aimed to assess the impact of time to recanalization on the outcome of intra-arterial stroke therapies.MATERIALS AND METHODS:We conducted a meta-analysis of studies reporting procedural times in patients with stroke treated with the MD, PS, and RS.RESULTS:We identified 16 eligible studies: 4 on the MD (n = 357), 8 on the PS (n = 455), and 4 on RS (n = 113). Merci device studies described total procedural duration, while PS and RS studies described puncture-to-recanalization times. With a random-effects model, mean procedural duration for the MD was 120 minutes (95% CI, 105.7-134.2 minutes). Mean puncture to recanalization time for the PS was 64.6 minutes (95% CI, 44.4-84.8 minutes) and 54.7 minutes for RS (95% CI, 47.3-62.2 minutes). Successful recanalization was achieved in 211 of 357 patients (59.1%) in the MD studies (95% CI, 49.3-77.7), 394 of 455 (86.6%) in the PS studies (95% CI, 84.1-93.8), and 105 of 113 (92.9%) in the RS studies (95% CI, 90.9-99.9). Functional independence (mRS ≤2) was achieved in 31.5% of patients in the MD studies, 36.6% in the PS studies, and 46.9% in the RS studies.CONCLUSIONS:The use of the PS and RS was associated with comparable procedural time to recanalization. Available data did not allow this parameter to be determined for trials using the MD. Retrievable stents achieved the highest rate of successful recanalization and functional outcome and the lowest mortality.
M A Almekhlafi; B K Menon; E A Freiheit; A M Demchuk; M Goyal
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1936-959X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003708     Medline TA:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Departments of Radiology, Clinical Neurosciences, and Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; and Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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