Document Detail

Message framing, dispositional optimism, and follow-up for abnormal Papanicolaou tests.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2343159     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effects of alternatively framed messages and dispositional optimism on follow-up for abnormal Papanicolaou tests were studied. Participants (N = 116) had a mean age of 24; 94% were black, 67% had a high school education, and 82% received public assistance. A message about losses without follow-up or gains with follow-up was randomly given. Optimism was measured with the Life Orientation Test and attendance was defined as coming or not coming within 6 weeks of contact. Logistic regressions of attendance on framing and optimism did not reveal significant relationships. Exploratory analyses revealed that personal and familial history of disease were related to attendance. Explanations for the findings and implications for research are delineated.
D Lauver; M Rubin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research in nursing & health     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0160-6891     ISO Abbreviation:  Res Nurs Health     Publication Date:  1990 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-06-27     Completed Date:  1990-06-27     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806136     Medline TA:  Res Nurs Health     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  199-207     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
School of Nursing, University of Wisconsin-Madison 53792.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans
Appointments and Schedules
Attitude to Health
Mass Screening
Patient Acceptance of Health Care*
Patient Compliance
Patient Education as Topic*
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis,  prevention & control,  psychology*
Vaginal Smears

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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