Document Detail

Mesenteric duplex scanning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17060239     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Duplex scanning of mesenteric arteries was developed in the late 1980s. It's primary clinical application is to identify high-grade stenoses in the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and celiac artery that may be associated with the clinical condition of chronic mesenteric ischemia. A peak systolic velocity of >275 cm/s in the SMA identifies a >70% SMA stenosis with a sensitivity of 92%, a positive predictive value of 80% and a negative predictive value of 99%. A negative mesenteric duplex study therefore virtually excludes the presence of clinically important mesenteric artery stenosis. A positive study requires confirmation with an additional imaging study prior to mesenteric artery reconstruction. Other applications of mesenteric duplex scanning include identification of reversible compression of the celiac artery, follow-up of mesenteric bypass grafts and physiological studies of the intestinal circulation.
Erica L Mitchell; Gregory L Moneta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perspectives in vascular surgery and endovascular therapy     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1531-0035     ISO Abbreviation:  Perspect Vasc Surg Endovasc Ther     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-24     Completed Date:  2006-12-15     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100970607     Medline TA:  Perspect Vasc Surg Endovasc Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  175-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Vascular Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Celiac Artery / ultrasonography
Constriction, Pathologic
Intestines / blood supply*
Ischemia / etiology,  physiopathology,  ultrasonography*
Mesenteric Artery, Superior / ultrasonography
Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion / complications,  physiopathology,  ultrasonography*
Postprandial Period
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Predictive Value of Tests
Splanchnic Circulation
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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