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Mesenchymal stem cells neither fully acquire the electrophysiological properties of mature cardiomyocytes nor promote ventricular arrhythmias in infarcted rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22744762     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Electrophysiological properties of implanted mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in infarcted hearts remain unclear, and their proarrhythmic effect is still controversial. The intent of this study was to investigate electrophysiological properties and proarrhythmic effects of MSCs in infarcted hearts. Rats were randomly divided into a myocardial infarction (MI) group, a MI-DMEM group (received DMEM medium injection) and MI-MSCs group (received MSCs injection). Survival analysis showed that the majority of engrafted MSCs died at day 9 after transplantation. Engrafted MSCs expressed cardiac markers (MYH, cTnI, Cx43), cardiac ion channel genes (Kv1.4, Kv4.2 and Kir2.1) and potassium currents (I (to), I (K1) and I (KDR)), but did not express Nav1.5, Cav1.2, Na(+) current and Ca(2+) current during their survival. When induced by Ca(2+), implanted MSCs exhibited no contraction ability after being isolated from the heart. Following 8-week electrocardiography monitoring, the cumulative occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) was not different among the three groups. However, the prolonged QRS duration in infarcted rats without VAs was significantly decreased in the MI-MSCs group compared with the other two groups. The inducibility of VAs in the MI-MSCs group was much lower than that in the MI and MI-DMEM groups (41.20 vs. 86.67 % and 92.86 %; P < 0.0125). The ventricular effective refractory period in MI-MSCs group was prolonged in comparison with that in the MI and MI-DMEM groups (56.0 ± 8.8 vs. 47.7 ± 8.8 ms and 45.7 ± 6.2 ms; P < 0.01). These results demonstrate that MSCs do not acquire the electrophysiological properties of mature cardiomyocytes during the survival period in the infarcted hearts. However, they can alleviate the electrical vulnerability and do not promote ventricular arrhythmias.
Authors:
Feng Wei; Ting-Zhong Wang; Jing Zhang; Zu-Yi Yuan; Hong-Yan Tian; Ya-Juan Ni; Xiao-Zhen Zhuo; Ke Han; Yu Liu; Qun Lu; Hong-Yuan Bai; Ai-Qun Ma
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Basic research in cardiology     Volume:  107     ISSN:  1435-1803     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0360342     Medline TA:  Basic Res Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  274     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of the Xi'an Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Key Laboratory of Environment and Genes Related to Diseases, Ministry of Education, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710061, People's Republic of China.
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